Reports and Publications

Each of Insight’s products is designed to convey complex information clearly, effectively, and concisely, particularly to nontechnical audiences. Our reports and other publications are tailored to ensure research evidence informs public policy and program implementation. We aim to exceed client expectations with every product delivered.

Food and Nutrition

National- and State-Level Estimates of WIC Eligibility and Program Reach, 2019

This report estimates the number of women, infants, and children eligible to receive benefits from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in 2019. It includes WIC eligibility estimates for the nation and by region, State, and U.S. territory. The national estimates use data from the Current Population Survey’s Annual Social and Economic Supplement (CPS-ASEC) to create a national estimate of infants and children eligible for WIC and the average monthly number of infants, children, and pregnant and postpartum women eligible for WIC. The State estimates use data from the American Community Survey (ACS) data and each State’s share of the ACS-based estimates. Estimates for the U.S. territories use the Puerto Rico Community Survey data and Census Bureau International Database to estimate WIC eligibility in Puerto Rico and the other U.S. territories, respectively. The 2016 through 2018 eligibility estimates presented in this report were also updated from the estimates presented in the 2018 report to incorporate improved methods for estimating WIC eligibility among infants (see appendix E in volume II for more information).

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National- and State-Level Estimates of WIC Eligibility and Program Reach, 2018 (With Updated Estimates for 2016 and 2017)

This report estimates the number of women, infants, and children eligible to receive benefits from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in 2018, with updated estimates for 2016 and 2017. It includes WIC eligibility estimates for the nation and by region, state, and U.S. territory. The national estimates use data from the Current Population Survey’s Annual Social and Economic Supplement (CPS-ASEC) to create a national estimate of infants and children eligible for WIC and the average monthly number of infants, children, and pregnant and postpartum women eligible for WIC. The state estimates use data from the American Community Survey (ACS) data and each state’s share of the ACS-based estimates. Estimates for the U.S. territories use the Puerto Rico Community Survey data and Census Bureau International Database to estimate WIC eligibility in Puerto Rico and the other U.S. territories, respectively. In the 2018 report, the 2016 and 2017 estimates were updated to use the new CPS-ASEC processing system.

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National- and State-Level Estimates of WIC Eligibility and Program Reach, 2017

This report estimates the number of women, infants, and children eligible to receive benefits from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in 2017. It includes WIC eligibility estimates for the nation and by region, state, and U.S. territory. The national estimates use data from the Current Population Survey’s Annual Social and Economic Supplement to create a national estimate of infants and children eligible for WIC and the average monthly number of infants, children, and pregnant and postpartum women eligible for WIC. The state estimates use data from the American Community Survey (ACS) data and each state’s share of the ACS-based estimates. Estimates for the U.S. territories use the Puerto Rico Community Survey data and Census Bureau International Database to estimate WIC eligibility in Puerto Rico and the other U.S. territories, respectively.

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National- and State-Level Estimates of WIC Eligibility and Program Reach 2015

This report estimates the number of women, infants, and children eligible to receive benefits from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in 2015. It includes WIC eligibility estimates for the nation and by region, state, and U.S. territory. The national estimates use data from the Current Population Survey’s Annual Social and Economic Supplement to create a national estimate of infants and children eligible for WIC and the average monthly number of infants, children, and pregnant and postpartum women eligible for WIC. The state estimates use data from the American Community Survey (ACS) data and each state’s share of the ACS-based estimates. Estimates for the U.S. territories use the Puerto Rico Community Survey data and Census Bureau International Database to estimate WIC eligibility in Puerto Rico and the other U.S. territories, respectively.

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National- and State-Level Estimates of WIC Eligibility and Program Reach, 2016

This report estimates the number of women, infants, and children eligible to receive benefits from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in 2016. It includes WIC eligibility estimates for the nation and by region, state, and U.S. territory. The national estimates use data from the Current Population Survey’s Annual Social and Economic Supplement to create a national estimate of infants and children eligible for WIC and the average monthly number of infants, children, and pregnant and postpartum women eligible for WIC. The state estimates use data from the American Community Survey (ACS) data and each state’s share of the ACS-based estimates. Estimates for the U.S. territories use the Puerto Rico Community Survey data and Census Bureau International Database to estimate WIC eligibility in Puerto Rico and the other U.S. territories, respectively.

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SNAP Model Notice Toolkit

This toolkit includes a comprehensive set of tools designed to help SNAP state agencies improve their SNAP notices. Specifically, the toolkit enables state agencies to evaluate the SNAP notices they send to clients, make targeted improvements work within SNAP system constraints, and comply with federal policy. The toolkit includes model notices with examples of plain language and formatting that the agencies can adapt to fit their own needs and several customizable tools to help promote continuous improvement practices. The tools focus on 10 types of SNAP notices; however, many of the tools are helpful in making changes to other types of client communications.

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Benefit Redemption Patterns in SNAP

Using descriptive and regression analysis, this report examined redemption patterns of participants in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) in fiscal year (FY) 2017, made comparisons with findings from two similar studies conducted for FY 2003 (Cole & Lee, 2005) and FY 2009 (Castner & Henke, 2011), and identified atypical spending behaviors. In particular, the report focused on examining the timing and amount of transactions and the rate at which households exhaust their benefits. The study used three primary sources of data: electronic benefit transfer (EBT) transaction data from the Anti-Fraud Locator using the EBT Retailer Transactions System (known as ALERT), data describing SNAP retailers from the Store Tracking and Redemption System (known as STARS), and data describing characteristics of SNAP households from the SNAP Quality Control database. Additional data included county poverty data, county adjacency information, and state EBT issuance schedules.

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WIC Participant and Program Characteristics 2020

The WIC Participant and Program Characteristics 2020 Report summarizes the characteristics of participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) nationwide in April 2020. It includes information on participant demographics, income, nutrition risk characteristics, anthropometric and hematological characteristics, and estimates of breastfeeding initiation rates for WIC infants and children. This report also includes select findings from an additional analysis of data collected to understand effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on WIC participation.

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WIC Participant and Program Characteristics 2018

The WIC Participant and Program Characteristics 2018 Report summarizes the characteristics of participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) nationwide in April 2018. It includes information on participant demographics, income, nutrition risk characteristics, anthropometric and hematological characteristics, and estimates of breastfeeding initiation rates for WIC infants and children.

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